Context and Brief History of the Project

Nepal’s overall energy requirement for both domestic and industrial purposes has increased substantially with the recent rapid urbanization and expansion of businesses, such as brick industries, hotels and restaurants. At present these industries rely heavily on imported fossil fuels (e.g. Coal, LPG, kerosene, etc.), despite substantial increase in their prices in the past few years. It increases the carbon emission – CO2 gas in the environment. The project entitled `Up-scaling the production and consumption of bio-energy to reduce carbon emissions and enhance local employment in Nepal` is being implemented jointly by HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation and 4 other partners namely International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN); Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bio resources (ANSAB); Sustainable Technology Adaptive Research and Implementation Centre, Nepal (STARIC/N); and Winrock International. The project has the elements of sustainable management of forest biomass, bio-energy technology, enterprise development, employment, business, private sector investment and climate change mitigation and adaptation measures through the removal of fire hazardous weeds from forests for the production of bio-energy, charcoal. The project will contribute significantly to sustain the production and supply chain of bio-energy and strengthen capacities of actors of bio char sub-sector and is fully aligned with government policy of productive management of forest resources, reducing green gas emission and generate local employment through enterprising and business to increase local and national economic benefit. The project has three objectives. Firstly, to meet the increasing energy demand replacing environmentally hazardous fossil fuels; to help to reduce carbon emissions by reducing the import of kerosene, LPG. Secondly, to create additional local employment through charcoal value chain. Thirdly, to help manage fire hazard in the forests that contributes to the management of forests in a sustainable way. The main beneficiaries of the project are small-sized bio-charcoal enterprises, forest users and labourers, especially women and poor. The project covers 16 districts - Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Nuwakot, Dhading, Kavrepalanchowk, Sindhupalchowk, Chitwan, Makwanpur, Bara, Rautahat ,Sarlahi,Banke, Bardiya, Kailali and Kanchanpur. The project commenced on the 1st of January, 2014 and it will end on 31st of December 2017.